The House Mouse

The House Mouse


The House Mouse

The House Mouse is the most common rodent pest. Originated in central Asia and was thought to have been brought over to America through transportation on ships by the 13th century trade merchants and immigrants. They are small in size,  very adaptable and does not need very much food  or space to survive. This explains why they were able to survive the long journey over to America.

The House Mouse is capable of reproducing in nearly any type of environment which is why you commonly see them in your home and in normal human environments. Aside from Humans, The House Mouse is the most numerous and wide spread mammal on earth. Overall, The House Mouse is the world’s number one Rodent pest.

Understanding The House Mouse

Understanding the biology and behavior of The House Mouse helps to develop effective Rodent Control Programs. When living conditions are good- meaning there is plenty of food, water and shelter, The House Mouse has very incredible reproductive capabilities that happen rapidly.

On the other hand, when living conditions are poor, their reproductive activity is slowed. The female House Mouse produces between four and seven “pups” per litter following a 19 day gestation period. Each pup is born blind and within ten days, they have grown hair, can see and are even venturing out of their nest to learn their surroundings.

Again, like their reproduction, The House Mouse’s behavior can also vary dramatically  from one urban area to another. Thus, makes it hard to determine typical behaviors of The House Mouse.

Cities vs. Rural Areas

In cities, The House Mouse may never see the outside, living their entire life inside buildings. Rural areas, or areas with subdivisions and land, The House Mouse has more options so it may also exist outdoors where it will feed on shrubbery and weeds.

In the Winter months, The House Mouse will move indoors to find warmth and for a food source. Typically, you will find them in your garage, shed, crawlspace or where a food source is readily available. Once they have established their nest, they stay close to home taking short trips frequently from their nest to the food source. Inside you will commonly find their nests located within walls, cabinets, closets, ceilings and even in large appliances.

Diseases Carried by The House Mouse

Over the past few centuries, Rodents have been responsible for the spread of up to 55 diseases. Thankfully, today we have sanitation, effective drugs, and Rodent and Insect Control Programs, their disease threat has significantly lowered. Unfortunately, due to the habits of these Rodents, (traveling, and dwelling in garbage, sewers, etc.) we still cases of human and animal disease transmitted by Rodents.

The following are some of the common diseases still spread by Rodents today:

  • Mouse Allergens
  • Hantaviruses
  • Plague
  • Murine Typhus
  • Rickettsial Pox
  • Salmonellosis and Campylobacterosis
  • Lymphocytic choriomeningitis 


Preventive Pest Control will create a Rodent Control Program that best fits the needs of your home or infestation. Mice trapping and exclusion is included within your general pest control contract with us here at Preventive. For all questions regarding or Rodent Control Program, call our office today! 615-850-4351

Tips to Winterize Your Home Against Pests

Thank you for choosing Preventive Pest Control here in Middle TN.

Preventive Pest Control TN








Source: Truman's Scientific Guide To Pest Management Operations