Thinking you may have Moles in your yard?
Eastern Moles and Star-nosed Moles are the most common Moles you will find in Middle Tennessee. There are other moles in the Eastern United States but they are of little to no pest.
Did you know that Moles are NOT Rodents! They are actually mammals! They belong in the family of mammals that also includes hedgehogs and shrews. Learn about Winterizing your home from Rodents here.
So, let’s talk about Eastern Moles. They have pointed snouts and a nearly naked tail. Their front feet are greatly large and rounded with hefty claws. Their fur is grayish silver and looks like velvet. You may think by glancing at them that they lack eyes and ears, but they are there! Their eyes and ears are very small and hidden under their velvet hairs. Eastern Moles grow to be between five and eight inches long.
Mole Mounds in Your Yard
Moles become annoying pests when they make their appearance in manicured and maintained areas of importance like developmental neighborhoods, golf courses, gardens, cemeteries and more. They very are destructive underground creatures. They produce mounds and ridges above the ground as they do their burrowing underneath. During their burrow and dig they not only destroy yards, they also uproot plants and injure their roots. Unless raked back down, their mounds also give areas for germination of weeds to pop up.
On a positive side, Mole tunnels provide aeration and allow rain water underground, which in return helps promote the growth of new plants and trees.
There are two different types of tunnels that Moles create: Subsurface runways and Deep runways. Both types of runways are used to construct lanes of travel underground. Subsurface runways are used as feeding tunnels just below the surface. These tunnels will create ridges above ground. Deep runways are between three and twelve inches below ground and provided travel for one or multiple Moles at a time. Moles are capable of extending tunnels at 100 feet per day.
In order to determine the size of a Mole infestation it is best to seek professional help, as the amount of mounds and ridges can not be used. Typically, a one acre lot holds up to three Moles.
What Do Moles Eat?
Moles typically feed on other pesky insects like ants, beetles, grubs, and earthworms and sometimes feed upon seeds and vegetable matter. Although their digging is destructive to gardens and its plants, Moles do not feed on the bulbs or roots of the plants.
When Are Moles Active?
Mole activity is intermittent over a 24 hour period. You will commonly find their tunnels and mounds being pushed up in Spring and Fall after rainfall or on damp days. During Winter and hot Summer months, Moles retreat to their burrows deeper underground. February and March is mating season for Moles where they produces a litter of three to five over a six week gestation period. During the first six months of a Moles life, the young will stay underground in their burrow before venturing out to create their own chain of tunnels. After the young disperses from the burrow they grow rapidly and their appearance is just as an adults.
How Does Preventive Pest Control Take Care of Mole Activity?
Preventive Pest Control will create a Mole Trapping Program that best fits your home and it’s activity situation. We come out to your home and walk the perimeter of your yard, take a look at any and all mounds and ridges forming in your yard and from there we will be able to make the determination of which type of pest is tearing up your yard. This helps us put together a plan of action to help prevent the continuation of Mole activity throughout your yard.
Call the office today to set up your FREE Mole Inspection!
Source: Truman's Scientific Guide to Pest Management Operations